Hesiod was a Greek poet said to roughly live in the same era as Homer. Hesiod is the author of three pieces; Theogony, Work and Days and the Shield of Heracles, and like Homer, these poems which are the central works of Greco-Roman literature and have a role in religious customs.
- The Theogony is a poem that describes the mythical origins and genealogies of the Gods.
- Work and Days is a farmer’s almanac in which Hesiod instructs his brother Perses in the agricultural arts and provides extensive moralizing advice on how he should live his life.
- Shield of Heracles is another epic poem that explores the expedition of Heracles and Iolaus against Cycnus, the son of Ares, who challenged Heracles to combat as Heracles was passing through Thessaly.
Hesiod was divinely inspired (meaning divinely possessed) by Muses and revealed a sacred frenzy of truth; revealing them in the form of myths, which are divine truths in riddles which stand beyond time itself, to humanity.